Bunion Treatments

A bunion is a bump on the outside of the big toe joint. It is a misalignment of the bones in the foot. The bump is noted where your big toe meets the rest of your foot. The bump and deformity can gradually get worse over time making it difficult finding comfortable shoe gear. It also can cause other toes to become deformed when you have a bunion for a long time. Bunions can occur at any age, starting in childhood. The misalignment can be genetically inherited, meaning someone in your family also had/has a bunion. Specific foot types can predispose you to having a bunion including flat feet which cause the joints to move out of their normal position. Wearing improperly fitting shoe gear can also contribute to a bunion deformity.  

Bunion Causes:

  • Genetics - foot types are inherited and may predispose individuals to bunion development secondary to biomechanical abnormalities.
  • Long term use of poorly fitting, inappropriate footwear.
  • Joint instability.
  • Neuromuscular conditions
  • Rheumatologic disorders (i.e. inflammatory joint diseases)
  • Injury
  • Congenital deformities

Bunion Symptoms:

  • Abnormal bump to the side of the foot, which can grow larger.
  • Pain and tenderness at the bump or great toe.
  • Stiffness or restricted motion at the great toe joint.
  • Inflammation and redness.
  • Painful pressure of the great toe against the adjacent or second toe.
  • Callus or thickening of skin on the side of the foot or near the bunion.
  • Pain and swelling that can affect how the big toe joint moves and how you walk.

Tips to Help Manage Bunion Pain:

  • Purchase appropriately sized footwear, preferably those with a deep and wide toe box. Shop at a store with well trained staff that have the ability to correctly measure your feet. It is recommended to have your feet measured regularly.
  • Avoid high heeled shoes - these will likely put more pressure against the bunion.
  • Offload the pressure area: use of padding against the bunion is often helpful with pain relief. Make sure the pad is not so large as to cause the shoe to fit tighter, which may be painful.
  • Inserts or custom orthotics can be used in shoe gear to help the foot function properly and can slow the progression of the deformity.
  • Use of toe spacers may relieve pressure against the bunion as well as between the 1st and 2nd toes.
  • Apply ice to any inflamed areas.
  • If you are able to use over the counter pain medication, particularly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, this may be helpful managing moderate pain. Speak with your podiatrist if pain lasts more than a few days.
If you find that you have a bunion which is causing you pain despite trying the above recommendations it is time to have an evaluation by a podiatrist. It is important not to ignore bunion pain, as it can result in other foot issues.   Surgery is the only way to remove the bunion deformity. A thorough exam, evaluation and x-rays are performed to determine the proper procedure that is needed to correct each bunion. Surgery options can include minimally invasive correction, cutting and realigning bones while securing them with screws, plates, etc, or fusing two bones together to remove excess motion or arthritis that may have formed. These procedures all have a different recovery period and will be explained by your surgeon. Contact your local FASMA office to schedule an appointment with one of our highly trained specialists.

FASMA Doctors Performing This Specialty / Service

Dr. Ian Beiser

Washington, DC (19th Street)
Dr. Jason Birkel

Hampton, VA Newport News, VA
Dr. Man Cho

Reston, VA
Dr. Randall Contento

Dr. Elizabeth Daughtry

Cary, NC Dunn, NC
Dr. Louis DeFazio

Clarksville, MD
Dr. Reema Dua

Rockville, MD (North Bethesda)
Dr. Mohammad Esmaili

Kensington, MD
Dr. Brian Futrell

Apex, NC Cary, NC
Dr. Adam Grahn

Greencastle, PA Hagerstown, MD
Dr. Brandy Grahn

Gettysburg, PA Hagerstown, MD
Dr. Allan Grossman

Harrisburg, PA
Dr. Richard Hauser

Cary, NC
Dr. Joel Kelly

Apex, NC Benson, NC
Dr. David Kirlin

Dr. Michelle Le

Rockville, MD (North Bethesda)
Dr. Enzo J. Leone

Pasadena, MD
Podiatrist in Columbia, MD Dr. Andrew Liss

Columbia, MD Kensington, MD
Dr. Ryan Meredith

Dr. Alexander Mount

Richmond, VA
Dr. Jenny Nguyen

Pasadena, MD
Dr. Jason Nolan

Cary, NC
Dr. Jacob Panici

Cary, NC Dunn, NC
Dr. Robert Pica

Richmond, VA
Dr. Mark Quist

Huntersville, NC
Dr. Matthew Rien

Harrisburg, PA
Dr. Mark Roemer

Hagerstown, MD
Dr. Betsy F. Rosenthal

Hagerstown, MD
Dr. Seth Rubenstein

Reston, VA
Podiatrist Dr. Gina M. Saffo DPM Dr. Gina M. Saffo

Annapolis, MD Greenbelt, MD
Dr. Wagner Santiago

Dr. Sagar Shah

Colonial Heights, VA Richmond, VA
Dr. Urja Shah, DPM Dr. Urja Shah

Annapolis, MD Greenbelt, MD
Dr. Derek Slovak

Mountain Island, NC
Dr. Gregory Smith

Gettysburg, PA Hagerstown, MD
Dr. Mitchell Waskin

Richmond, VA
Dr. Daniel Yarmel

Harrisburg, PA Newport, PA


  1. Silver Spring, MD (Fenton)
    8630 Fenton Street Suite 1
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    Phone: 301-587-5666
    Fax: 301-589-4479

  2. Washington, DC (1775 K Street)
    1775 K Street NW Suite 580
    Washington, DC 20006
    Phone: 202-331-9727
    Fax: 202-887-0741

  3. Chapel Hill, NC
    1506 E. Franklin Street Suite 104
    Chapel Hill, NC 27514
    Phone: 919-960-8858
    Fax: 919-960-2882

  4. Charlottesville, VA (Abbey Road)
    2050 Abbey Road Suite C
    Charlottesville, VA 22911
    Phone: 434-295-4443
    Fax: 434-295-8598

  5. Culpeper, VA
    530 Sunset Lane Suite A
    Culpeper, VA 22701
    Phone: 540-825-6113
    Fax: 540-825-4937

  6. Washington, DC (19th Street)
    1145 19th Street NW Suite 605
    Washington, DC 20036
    Phone: 202-833-9109
    Fax: 202-833-5762

  7. Clarksville, MD
    6100 Day Long Lane Suite 208
    Clarksville, MD 21029
    Phone: 443-535-8770
    Fax: 443-535-8775

  8. Mt Airy, MD (South)
    1502 S. Main Street Suite 307
    Mt Airy, MD 21771
    Phone: 301-829-2244
    Fax: 833-915-0243

  9. Frederick, MD (Thomas Johnson Drive)
    63 Thomas Johnson Dr Suite C
    Frederick, MD 21702
    Phone: 301-696-0818
    Fax: 301-696-8872

  10. Hampton, VA
    2210 Executive Drive Suite E
    Hampton, VA 23666
    Phone: 757-896-8800
    Fax: 757-896-8832

  11. Newport News, VA
    754 McGuire Place
    Newport News, VA 23601
    Phone: 757-599-5710
    Fax: 757-591-0552

  12. South Park, NC
    6831 Fairview Road A
    Charlotte, NC 28210
    Phone: 704-376-3947
    Fax: 704-376-9487

  13. Rockville, MD (Shady Grove Rd)
    15215 Shady Grove Rd Suite 307
    Rockville, MD 20850
    Phone: 240-268-7450
    Fax: 301-949-8833

  14. Wheaton, MD
    2730 University Blvd. W. Suite 1000
    Wheaton, MD 20902
    Phone: 301-949-3668
    Fax: 301-949-8833

  15. Holly Springs, NC
    1004 Werrington Drive, Ste. 300
    Holly Springs, NC 27540
    Phone: 919-850-9111
    Fax: 919-850-2499

  16. Raleigh, NC (Millbrook)
    1418 E. Millbrook Road
    Raleigh, NC 27609
    Phone: 919-850-9111
    Fax: 919-850-2499

  17. Reston, VA
    1860 Town Center Drive Suite 220
    Reston, VA 20190
    Phone: 703-391-0211
    Fax: 703-880-1192

  18. Gastonia
    251 Wilmot Dr
    Gastonia, NC 28054
    Phone: 704-861-0425
    Fax: 704-861-0274

  19. Cary, NC
    103 Parkway Office Court Suite 100
    Cary, NC 27518
    Phone: 919-481-3338
    Fax: 919-467-2436

  20. Dunn, NC
    700 Tilghman Drive Suite 722
    Dunn, NC 28334
    Phone: 910-892-3338
    Fax: 910-892-2706

  21. Henderson, NC
    451 Ruin Creek Road Suite 202
    Henderson, NC 27536
    Phone: (252) 438-4426
    Fax: (252) 430-1709

  22. Raleigh, NC (Dresser)
    1004 Dresser Ct Suite 102
    Raleigh, NC 27609
    Phone: (919) 872-2022
    Fax: (919) 872-2087

  23. Rockville, MD (North Bethesda)
    11801 Rockville Pike Suite 105
    Rockville, MD 20852
    Phone: 301-881-6222
    Fax: 301-881-1639

  24. Kensington, MD
    10901 Connecticut Avenue Suite 200
    Kensington, MD 20895
    Phone: 301-949-2000
    Fax: 301-949-2002

  25. Chevy Chase, MD
    5530 Wisconsin Avenue Suite 945
    Chevy Chase, MD 20815
    Phone: 301-913-5225
    Fax: 301-913-9145

  26. Washington, DC (2021 K Street)
    2021 K Street NW Suite 520
    Washington, DC 20006
    Phone: 202-223-4616
    Fax: 202-223-0740

  27. Silver Spring, MD (International Drive)
    3801 International Drive Suite 204
    Silver Spring, MD 20906
    Phone: 301-598-0130
    Fax: 301-598-5091

  28. Apex, NC
    1001 Pemberton Hill Road Suite 102
    Apex, NC 27502
    Phone: 919-363-3310
    Fax: 919-363-3370

  29. Concord, NC
    492 Copperfield Blvd NE
    Concord, NC 28025
    Phone: 704-788-9797
    Fax: 704-788-6830

  30. University, NC
    8310 Medical Plaza Drive Suite E
    Charlotte, NC 28262
    Phone: 704-548-0222
    Fax: 704-548-1157

  31. Ballantyne, NC
    9216 Ardrey Kell Road Suite 100
    Charlotte, NC 28277
    Phone: 704-544-6517
    Fax: 704-544-2988

  32. Frederick, MD (Solarex Ct)
    604 Solarex Court Suite 103
    Frederick, MD 21703
    Phone: 301-698-9260
    Fax: 301-698-8962

  33. Greencastle, PA
    50 Eastern Ave Suite 122
    Greencastle, PA 17225
    Phone: 717-643-0795
    Fax: 717-643-0833

  34. Hagerstown, MD
    11110 Medical Campus Road Suite 100
    Hagerstown, MD 21742
    Phone: 301-739-1575
    Fax: 301-739-1578

  35. Gettysburg, PA
    506 W. Middle Street
    Gettysburg, PA 17325
    Phone: 717-778-3338
    Fax: 717-778-3340

  36. Harrisburg, PA
    4033 Linglestown Road Suite 1
    Harrisburg, PA 17112
    Phone: 717-651-0000

  37. Huntersville, NC
    16419 Northcross Dr Suite A
    Huntersville, NC 28078
    Phone: 704-987-9585

  38. Mooresville, NC
    206 Joe Knox Avenue Suite D
    Mooresville, NC 28117
    Phone: 704-235-0474
    Fax: 704-660-3987

  39. McConnellsburg, PA
    214 Peach Orchard Road
    McConnellsburg, PA 17233
    Phone: 301-739-1575
    Fax: 301-739-1578

  40. Charlotte, NC (Myers Park)
    717 S. Torrence St.
    Charlotte, NC 28204
    Phone: 704-334-8682

  41. Charlotte, NC (South Charlotte)
    10370 Park Rd. #100
    Charlotte, NC 28210
    Phone: 704-542-8253

  42. Benson, NC
    1 Medical Drive
    Benson, NC 27504
    Phone: 919-363-3310
    Fax: 919-363-3370

  43. Pasadena, MD
    8155 Ritchie Highway Suite B
    Pasadena, MD 21122
    Phone: 410-768-5800
    Fax: 410-768-5806

  44. Harrisburg, NC
    3800 Highway 49 South
    Harrisburg, NC 28075
    Phone: 704-455-2999
    Fax: 704-455-1624

  45. Columbia, MD
    11055 Little Patuxent Pkwy Suite 204
    Columbia, MD 21044
    Phone: 410-730-2623
    Fax: 410-992-4779

  46. Annapolis, MD
    129 Lubrano Drive Suite 303
    Annapolis, MD 21401
    Phone: 410-266-7575
    Fax: 410-266-7366

  47. Silver Spring, MD (White Oak)
    2415 Musgrove Road Suite 103
    Silver Spring, MD 20904
    Phone: 301-384-6500
    Fax: 301-384-6670

  48. Richmond, VA
    1465 Johnston Willis Drive
    Richmond, VA 23235
    Phone: 804-320-3668
    Fax: 804-320-2600

  49. Carrollton, VA
    13609 Carrollton Boulevard Suite 11
    Carrollton, VA 23314
    Phone: 757-238-9600
    Fax: 757-238-8750

  50. Greenbelt, MD
    7501 Greenway Center Dr Suite 810
    Greenbelt, MD 20770
    Phone: 301-577-4464
    Fax: 301-577-4702

  51. Colonial Heights, VA
    4730 Puddledock Rd.
    Prince George, VA 23875
    Phone: 804-320-3668

  52. Mountain Island, NC
    10310 Couloak Drive Suite 200
    Charlotte, NC 28216
    Phone: 704-971-4000
    Fax: 704-971-2379

  53. Mechanicsburg, PA
    2025 Technology Parkway Suite 201
    Mechanicsburg, PA 17050
    Phone: 717-651-0000

  54. Newport, PA
    300 Bretz Ct
    Newport, PA 17074
    Phone: 717-651-0000